There was a distinction for the advertised sexual experience within URB and you can CNB teens which have 57

Sexual actions

Chlamydia trachomatis incidence and you may risk factors

Consolidating both places and you may both sexes, 1924 members was in fact checked-out to possess CT (1409 in the URB, 515 CNB). Of these, 303 examined self-confident (complete frequency fifteen.8%, 95% CI: fourteen.dos to help you 17.4). There were no differences in CT frequency by region (URB: sixteen.5%, 95% CI: 14.eight so you’re able to 18.6; CNB: thirteen.6%, 95% CI: ten.9% so you can sixteen.8%). On the unadjusted univariable analyses, people aged 18–19 age got high CT frequency than players old 14–15 years (OR=1.14, 95% CI: step 1.02 to one.28). On multivariable analyses, immediately following adjusting to own many years and part, there’s a somewhat large CT frequency among people users (21.6%, 95% CI: 19.2% in order to twenty-four.2%) compared with guys (nine.1%, 95% CI: 7.cuatro so you’re able to eleven.1) (AOR=dos.87, 95% CI: 1.62 to 5.10) (table step three, committee Good).

Certainly one of lady players, regarding unadjusted univariable analyses, contacts having CT integrated: many years (OR=1.14, 95% CI: 1.03 to one.99); ?step 3 claimed lifestyle intercourse people lifetime (OR=dos.82, 95% CI: step one.84 so you’re able to cuatro.32) and achieving got ?1 pregnancies (OR=2.79, 95% CI: 1.72 to 4.94). Throughout the multivariable, age-modified and you will region-adjusted study, CT was discovered to be associated with the declaration regarding ?3 lives intercourse lovers weighed against you to definitely lover (33.5% against fifteen.3%; AOR=dos.20, 95% CI: step one.09 so you’re able to cuatro.07), and experience of maternity (31.9% compared to thirteen.8% in nulligravidae; AOR=step 1.89, 95% CI: 1.05 loveroulette Zaloguj siД™ to 3.43)(dining table step three, committee B).

One of men participants on unadjusted univariable analyses, many years try on the CT. Old adolescents (aged 18–19 decades) had been likely to be than others old fourteen–fifteen years to test confident to own CT (eleven.5% versus step three.4%, OR=step three.69, 95% CI: 1.ten to help you ), and borderline associations had been found for those who claimed ?step 3 life sexual partners (11.6% against 6.6% in those reporting you to definitely mate, OR=step one.87, 95% CI: 0.ninety-five to three.75) and you can those types of who claimed to have impregnated a female (18.9% against 8.8% some of those exactly who never impregnated, OR=dos.36, 95% CI: 0.96 so you can 5.84), no matter if this type of connectivity failed to persist regarding years-and part-modified multivariable analysis (dining table 3, committee C).


This study has actually integrated more 3000 teens hired of urban and you may outlying (Indigenous) areas of Panama, and you will checked out almost a few-thirds (1924) getting vaginal CT. The new testing body type incorporated almost 50 % of most of the university-supposed teenagers old 14–19 ages inside the Panama-a country which have quite some higher -university enrolment rates (63%)-representing one of the primary training of STIs previously conducted among kids in the Main Western region. All in all, thirty-six.1% of those whom met years standards inside picked classrooms participated in the study (profile 1). The analysis responds toward Exactly who call to acquire regional decades-stratified and you may intercourse-stratified STI frequency study to aid the introduction of analysis-motivated, in your community relevant treatments.9 Among sexually knowledgeable, school-heading kids, i receive a leading CT frequency total (15.8%), rather large amongst females (21.6%) than boys (nine.1%), however with no difference in metropolitan and you may rural Local section. This type of cost try higher than those claimed in other local surveys,a dozen like certainly females teens (range: 2.2%–eleven.6%).15–18

Situations in the CT within inhabitants agreement with those found throughout the literary works: females sex, several existence partners, expanding decades and achieving knowledgeable a pregnancy. All over the world, women kids are more most likely than boys discover CT illness due to cervical ectopy.dos Transmission regarding STIs is more effective out of men to help you girls than vice versa, which could be also due to tissue traumatization and you can exposure to a huge number of sperm (compared to ladies vaginal secretions getting male exposure) more an elevated mucosal town.19 Low-physiological points plus take into account increased CT incidence among females, including socioeconomic, cultural and you will gender norms.2